SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004

There are two SCORM versions you can work with: SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004. But what is the difference? And which version is newer? The answer to that question can be found in the three changes that the 2004 version brings to the table. 

By Kasper Spiro on Sep 12th

SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004

Read-write interactions

SCORM 1.2 has been around since 2001 with only one standardwrite-only. That means an author couldn’t read what they had writtenYears later, in 2004, a new version came around with a read-write model. This allows for interactions and could be helpful for reporting. On top of that, SCORM 2004 allows authors to check older interactions, see results, and create a plan based on that. Check to see which version of SCORM your authoring tool supports.

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Status separation

SCORM 1.2 has received a lot of negative feedback because it has only one lesson status: “Lesson_Status”. This status can be: completed, incomplete, failed, passed, browsed, or not attempted. For most authors, this is enough information, but others want more data. For example, whether a learner completed a course, and what questions a learner passedThat’s where the newer version has created a huge difference between 1CORM .2 and 2004. Why? SCORM 2004 lets authors split the lesson_status into completed/incomplete (completion_status) and passed/failed (success_status). That gives authors more insights and data to base improvements on. 


When sequencing was first implemented, no one thought it would be possible and a lot of LMS did not support the option. The basics are simple. Sequencing allows authors to add rules that define the order in which content is accessed by learners. It sets up specific paths that can be adjusted per learner and allows them to save results mid-course and continue at a later point in time. Sequencing is something you can only do with SCORM 2004. 

Do I need SCORM 1.2 or SCORM 2004?

So, SCORM 1.2 vs 2004, which version do you need? If your main goal is to just have a report on learners’ results, both options will suffice. The core of the reporting elements is the same. However, if you are looking for more in-depth options like complex navigation and sequencing, you will have to go with SCORM 2004. If that’s the case, choose the right authoring tool and LMS by making sure they’re SCORM-compliant 

Learn more about SCORM vs. xAPI and how to create a scorm file.

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Kasper Spiro is the Co-founder and Chief learning strategist of Easygenerator and a recognized thought leader in the world of e-learning. With over 30 years of experience, he is a frequently asked keynote speaker and well-renowned blogger within the e-learning community.

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